At least 11,000 people in the UK are set to lose their jobs after a raft of firms announced cuts in the past 48 hours.
The cuts are mainly being made by High Street retailers and in aviation – two of the sectors hardest hit by the coronavirus lockdown.
John Lewis has said it will close stores but has not confirmed how many jobs will go.
Topshop owner Arcadia and Harrods said they planned a total of 1,180 job cuts.
In the last 48 hours, UK job cuts that have been announced include:
- Up to 5,000 staff from Upper Crust owner SSP Group
- Up to 700 jobs from Harrods
- 500 office staff from Topshop’s owner Arcadia
- About 600 workers at shirtmaker TM Lewin
- John Lewis will close stores but has not confirmed how many jobs will go
- 300 staff cuts across Virgin Money, Clydesdale and Yorkshire Bank
- 1,700 UK jobs at planemaker Airbus
- 1,300 crew and 727 pilots at EasyJet
Bensons for Beds, Wrights Pies, tableware-maker Steelite International and Norwich Theatre Royal have also announced plans to reduce staff.
The redundancy plans come ahead of the government’s planned paring-back of the furlough scheme, which is currently paying 80% of the pay of staff kept from their work.
Why so many job losses now?
From next month, employers must pay National Insurance and pension contributions, then 10% of pay from September, rising to 20% in October.
“So there is already a cost to the employer from just a month’s time, said BBC business correspondent Simon Gompertz.
“That must concentrate minds. Then the cost escalates in September.
“Smaller firms, having to give just 30 days’ notice of redundancy, might think now is the time to act.
“Larger employers, planning bigger layoffs, will be eyeing that escalating wage bill and maybe thinking the sooner they move the better.”
Another reason that has been suggested is that companies with financial quarters ending last month want to show shareholders they are taking action over poor figures, he added.
‘Too much space’
John Lewis’s plans were first shared with staff at the company, which is owned by its employees. The number of stores and jobs which will go has yet to be decided.
Cuts could also include the smaller of its two head office buildings in London.
“The reality is that we have too much store space for the way people want to shop now and we have shared this with our Partners,” the company said in a statement.
“As difficult as it is, it is highly unlikely we will reopen all our John Lewis stores. However, no decision has been made and any details would be shared with Partners first by the middle of July.”
The company is unlikely to pay its workers a bonus next year, it added.
It follows a warning from the company in March that it could close shops, as a plunge in profits forced it to cut staff bonuses to their lowest level in almost 70 years.
John Lewis, which also owns Waitrose, launched a review of the business, which it said would involve “rightsizing” its stores across both brands.
Separately, Upper Crust owner SSP Group said it was having to make cuts across its UK outlets and head office, because it was struggling in the face of a reduction in passenger travel.
It’s hard to keep up with the scale of job cuts and restructurings in retail and hospitality right now.
Businesses are being forced to cut costs dramatically to survive, so that inevitably means job losses. It also a sign that these businesses are not expecting any quick economic rebound. Instead, they’re planning for tough times to continue.
There are likely to be thousands more to come in the weeks and months ahead. Even though non-essential shops have been open for more than two weeks now, with hospitality set to follow on Saturday, the scale of the latest job losses underlines the challenges these sectors are facing.
Aerospace giant Airbus says it plans to cut 15,000 jobs as it deals with the effects of the coronavirus crisis.
It will cut 1,700 jobs in the UK, along with thousands more in Germany, Spain and elsewhere.
EasyJet said on Tuesday it had begun consultations on plans to close bases at Stansted, Southend and Newcastle.
The Unite union said nearly 1,300 UK crew members faced losing their jobs, while pilots’ union Balpa said it had been told by EasyJet that 727 of its UK-based pilots were also at risk of redundancy.
About 600 workers will lose their jobs after shirtmaker TM Lewin announced on Tuesday it will close all 66 of its UK shops.
The luxury retailer Harrods has announced it is cutting up to 680 jobs because of the impact of the coronavirus.
In an email to staff, managing director Michael Ward said Harrods was slashing up to 14% of its workforce of 4,800 people.
He wrote: “With a heavy heart, today I need to confirm that due to the ongoing impacts of this pandemic, we as a business will need to make reductions to our workforce.”
He said it would take a “drastic improvement in external conditions” for Harrods to recover and return to growth.
“The necessary social distancing requirement to protect employees and customers is having a huge impact on our ability to trade, while the devastation in international travel has meant we have lost key customers coming to our store and frontline operations,” he added.
Mr Ward said the job cuts would come “in parts of the business that have been most affected by the challenges of lockdown”.
Arcadia, owned by billionaire Philip Green, said 500 of its 2,500 head office workforce would be cut.
“Due to the impact of Covid-19 on our business including the closure for over three months of all our stores and head offices, we have today informed staff of the need to restructure our head offices,” the company said.